Type 2 Diabetes: What Happens When Sugar Goes High?

Type 2 diabetes is a chronic and long-lasting health condition where your pancreatic cells don’t produce enough insulin or your body cells become resistant to insulin, that is they can’t respond to the insulin the way they should. This in turn leads to an increased level of sugar in your bloodstream.

Insulin is the hormone secreted by your pancreas which regulates the amount of glucose in your blood. It is the most common form of diabetes. 90% of diabetes patients have type 2 diabetes. Around 29 million American people are suffering from type 2 diabetes. Old age people are more prone to type 2 diabetes, but it can also occur in obese children. Therefore it is known as adult-onset diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes can’t be cured completely, however, it can be controlled with a few dietary changes and regular exercise. If diet and exercise don’t seem helpful, your doctor may prescribe you a few medications to ease the symptoms and control your blood sugar levels.

Symptoms Of Type 2 Diabetes

People with type 2 diabetes don’t even notice any symptoms at the beginning. The symptoms of type 2 diabetes occur gradually with time. Sometimes the people who have type 2 diabetes are unaware of their disease. Some of the common symptoms of type 2 diabetes may include:

  • Excessive thirst
  • Excessive urination
  • Blurred vision
  • Numb hands or feet
  • Tingling sensation in the body
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Sores or wounds that take time to heal or won’t heal
  • Extreme hunger
  • Infections
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Dark rashes around armpits and neck

Sometimes the people with type 2 diabetes also lead to an inability to achieve an erection in men. Fildena 100 is often prescribed by doctors to treat erection issues in men. Fildena 100 is a sildenafil citrate pill, a PDE5 inhibitor that improves the blood supply to the penis by relaxing the penile smooth muscles, thus causing an erection. Fildena 100 is an FDA-approved pill that is used to help a man regain his erections.

Fildena 100 also interacts with some medications used to treat other health issues, thus increasing your chances of getting potential side effects.

Causes Of Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes mainly occurs due to the following two reasons-

Either your pancreatic cells don’t form enough insulin to regulate the blood sugar levels.

Or your body cells become resistant to insulin and can’t respond to the insulin in the way they should, leading to increased glucose in your blood.

The exact cause why these two things happen is not known but the following risk factors may contribute to the condition:

  • Excess body weight
  • Physical inactivity
  • Family history of the disease
  • Belonging to Black, Hispanic, Native American and Asian people, and Pacific racial community
  • High cholesterol levels
  • Age above 45 years
  • Prediabetes
  • Gestational diabetes
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome
  • High blood pressure
  • Heart and blood vessel disease
  • Depression
  • Heavy alcohol intake
  • Smoking
  • Sleeping issues

Complications Of Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes, if left untreated, can be chronic and may damage your blood vessels, nerves, and other vital body organs like the eyes, kidneys, and heart, which can lead to serious health complications.

Following are some potential complications of type 2 diabetes:

Heart Disease

High blood sugar levels can damage the arteries supplying blood to the heart, resulting in heart disease or heart attack.

Neuropathy

Type 2 diabetes can damage the nerves in the limbs, leading to tingling, pain, numbness, or burning sensation in the toes or fingers, which gradually spread upwards.

Kidney Disease

A high sugar level in the blood may damage the arteries supplying blood to the kidney and may lead to leaky blood vessels, which may restrict the blood flow to the kidney resulting in kidney disease.

Eye Damage

Type 2 diabetes may damage the blood vessels in the retina of the eyes and make you susceptible to eye diseases like cataracts and glaucoma, resulting in blurred vision or permanent blindness.

Skin Problems

High blood sugar levels make you more prone to bacterial and fungal infections. Also, it may cause difficulty in the healing of wounds or sores. The wounds may take time to heal or not heal.

Hearing Issues

People with type 2 diabetes often face difficulty in hearing. A high glucose level in the blood may damage the nerves in your ears which may lead to hearing impairment.

Memory Problems

Memory issues are often found to be associated with type 2 diabetes. This may increase your chances of getting Alzheimer’s disease and other memory issues like dementia. In addition, poorly managed blood sugar levels are linked to a sharp decline in memory or mental health. It may also restrict your thinking ability and ability to concentrate.

Erection Problems

The high blood sugar level is one of the leading risk factors of erection issues in men. Fildena 100 which is used to treat erection problems in men, is a PDE5 inhibitor that helps regain erections. However, fildena 100 has some side effects like headaches, vomiting, nausea, dizziness, fatigue, etc. Nevertheless, Fildena 100 is found to be quite helpful in achieving a firm and long-lasting erection. But fildena 100 needs to be used cautiously while having other pills as it may interact with other pills and may lead to severe side effects.

Treatment Of Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes can be prevented with the following lifestyle changes:

  • Having a healthy diet. Include green vegetables, fruits, legumes, cereals, nuts, lean protein, and low-fat dairy products. Avoid the intake of trans and unhealthy fats and sugary food items and beverages.
  • Exercising regularly. Daily work out of 30 minutes at least 5 days a week will help shed excess pounds and improve the overall blood circulation. Aerobic exercises like swimming, rowing, cycling will help in keeping yourself fit.
  • Shedding excess body weight. Losing extra weight will help in improving the blood flow and reducing the risk factors associated with type 2 diabetes.
  • Limiting intake of alcohol and quitting smoking

Medications

If the lifestyle changes aren’t found to be effective then your doctor may prescribe any of the following medications to manage your blood sugar levels:

Metformin

This is the commonly prescribed medicine to treat type 2 diabetes.

Sulfonylureas

These medications are used to produce more insulin which in turn regulates blood sugar levels.

Thiazolidinediones

These medications work like metformin and hence make you more sensitive towards insulin.

DPP-4 inhibitors

DPP-4 inhibitors are used to reduce blood sugar levels, but they can also lead to inflammation in the pancreatic gland and joint pain.

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