Obesity is a complex health condition characterized by excessive body fat. Obesity is always a matter of concern as it can increase your risk of other chronic health issues like heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, and certain forms of cancer. All these complications may affect a person’s quality of life and in some cases can be lethal.
Obese people are more prone to get diagnosed with the following health complications:
Obese people are more likely to develop sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is a kind of serious sleeping disorder in which breathing repeatedly stops and starts while sleeping at night. This is because due to excessive body fat tissues at the back of the throat get shrunk and fail to keep the air passage open.
Obesity increases your chances of getting type 2 diabetes in which though the pancreatic cell makes enough insulin, your body becomes resistant to it. In obese people, excessive weight gain leads to increased levels of glycerol, hormones, cytokines, fatty acids, and inflammatory substances which result in insulin resistance, which in turn can lead to type 2 diabetes.
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High Blood Pressure
The heart of an obese person needs to work harder to pump blood and distribute it to all body parts. This extra load puts strain on your blood arteries. As a result of this strain, your arteries resist the blood flow which causes your blood pressure to rise.
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Heart Attack And Stroke
Due to obesity people require more blood to carry oxygen and nutrients to their different body parts which results in increased blood pressure. Also, for the proper circulation of this blood, your body requires more pressure which can be a cause of a heart attack. If the proper blood doesn’t reach your brain properly it can lead to stroke.
Certain Form Of Cancers
The link between obesity and a few cancer forms is quite relevant. Excessive body weight makes you more prone to cancer of the uterus, cervix, ovary, breast, colon, rectum, esophagus, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, kidney, and prostate.
Excess body weight can lead to Inflammation in the body, growth of cells and blood vessels, levels of certain hormones, such as insulin and Estrogen Tablet, which can boost cell growth. These things further increase your chances of developing cancer.
Excessive body weight may exert pressure on the joints carrying the weight of your body, making them weak. Also, obesity leads to various kinds of inflammation. Both these things may result in osteoarthritis.
Obesity is linked to various digestive issues like abdominal pain, bloating, vomiting, heartburn, diarrhea, or constipation.
Apart from the above health complications, obesity also affects the quality of your life. This include:
- Low self-esteem
- Low confidence
- Difficulty in doing physical activity
- Social isolation
Ways To Overcome Obesity
Exercise and dietary changes are helpful in managing body weight.
Consumption of excess calories leads to weight gain. Consumption of processed goods, trans, and certain unhealthy fats leads to excessive weight gain.
Reduce the intake of processed and refined food items, sugary food items and beverages trans and unhealthy fats. Include green veggies, fibrous fruits, whole grains, lean proteins and legumes. Don’t overflow your plate at a time. Instead of eating at a time, divide your meal into small meals.
Exercises like swimming, cycling, rowing and running not only help in shedding excess weight but also improve blood circulation. Exercising daily for about 30 minutes for at least 5 days a week can help in getting back in shape thus reducing the risk of several health complications.
Stress can adversely affect your body and mind health. Stress in any form is harmful to everyone. It has been found that stress can trigger the brain’s ability to respond to eating patterns and behavior. It can increase your food cravings which then leads to unexplained body weight gain.
Indulge yourself in stress-releasing activities like going for a daily brisk walk for about 30 minutes, yoga, meditation, listening to your music, getting together with friends, or getting involved in your hobbies.
Drink More Water
Drinking water throughout the day makes you feel full which may decrease your cravings and help in weight management.
Sometimes if dietary changes and exercise don’t seem to be helpful, the doctor prescribes medications like orlastat (Xenical) which can help a person to lose weight.
In severe cases, when none of the above methods works, weight loss, or bariatric surgery is carried out by your doctor. It involves the removal or changing of a part of a person’s stomach or small intestine to reduce the consumption of excess food or calories. This can help a person to lose weight and reduce the risk of other serious health complications like diabetes and high blood pressure.