All You Need To Know About Hypothyroidism

What Is Hypothyroidism?

The thyroid is a small butterfly-shaped gland situated below your neck on the front side. This gland produces a hormone that travels through your bloodstream and helps your body cells regulate and use the energy as required. When your thyroid gland doesn’t produce a sufficient amount of this hormone, it leads to hypothyroidism.

Your thyroid gland affects almost all parts of your body including your heart, brain, muscles as well as your skin and is primarily responsible for the metabolism process of your body. Metabolism is a process carried out by your body where your body cells convert your food to be used as energy.

The thyroid hormone plays a lead role in this metabolism process. Without a sufficient amount of thyroid hormone, your body parts can’t carry out their function effectively; as a result, your body processes get slowed down due to a lack of energy.

Hypothyroidism, also known as underactive thyroid, mostly affects women of age 60 and above as compared to that men. However, it may occur at any age and is common among people. Around 4.6 % of Americans aged above 12 years are suffering from hypothyroidism. Approximately 10 million Americans are dealing with the problem of hypothyroidism. Among all the hypothyroidism patients, 1 in 8 patients is a woman.

The term subclinical hypothyroidism is used to indicate the early stage of the disease. Hypothyroidism can’t be reversed, however, it can be managed and its progression can be controlled. Doctors mostly recommend medications and other treatment methods to replace the low hormonal level with the artificial hormone, thus helping your body to restore its normal functioning.

What Are The Symptoms Of Hypothyroidism?

Symptoms of hypothyroidism and their severity may vary among individuals. In some cases, the symptoms are often difficult to diagnose. Most people misunderstood the early symptoms of hypothyroidism like weight gain and fatigue with signs of aging, which may turn the situation worse.

Below are some possible common hypothyroidism symptoms. If you feel any, consult the doctor.

  • Weight gain
  • Fatigue
  • Depression
  • Constipation
  • Puffy face
  • Increased body cholesterol
  • Feeling cold
  • Hoarse voice
  • Dry skin
  • Thin and dry hairs
  • Slow heart rate
  • Memory issues
  • Muscles ache and cramps
  • Stiff, weak, and tender muscles
  • Joint pain
  • Swelling of the thyroid gland
  • Irregular menstrual cycle in women
  • Inability to have an erection in men

Consulting the doctor is always the best option. Depending on your condition he will carry out some basic diagnosis tests, such as the blood test to diagnose the condition.

For treating erection problems in men, doctors mostly prescribe pills like 60. Also, most people rely on Vidalista 60 to have a firm erection. Vidalista 60 contains sildenafil which allows more blood to fill the penis and causes an erection by stimulating the relaxation of the smooth muscles of the penis. However, Vidalista 60 besides being effective has a few potential side effects also.

What Leads To Hypothyroidism?

Below is a list of common possible reasons for the occurrence of hypothyroidism.

  • Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, inflammation of the thyroid gland.
  • Radiation therapy to the neck region
  • Surgically removal of the thyroid gland
  • Treatment of hypothyroidism
  • Medications used to treat cancer or heart disease
  • Lack of iodine in the diet
  • Pregnancy
  • Thyroid issues during birth
  • Injury or inflammation in the pituitary gland
  • Hypothalamus disorder

Apart from the above common causes, the following risk factors may also increase your chances of hypothyroidism:

  • Old age
  • Belonging to white or Asian community
  • Autoimmune disorders like multiple sclerosis, type1 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, etc.
  • Down syndrome
  • Turner syndrome
  • Females are more susceptible to hypothyroidism than males
  • Family history of hypothyroidism

How Hypothyroidism Affects Your Health?

Hypothyroidism if left untreated, can lead to several health complications like:

Goiter

During hypothyroidism, if your thyroid gland still tries to produce more hormone, it can get swell, leading to the formation of goiter in your neck which may even cause difficulty in swallowing.

Balancing Issues

Lack of thyroid hormone makes your muscles and bones weak, thus making it quite difficult for you to balance your body. It is mainly seen in people above 60 years.

Peripheral Neuropathy

Hypothyroidism may damage your peripheral nerves causing a tingling sensation, numbness or pain in your limbs.

Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Hypothyroidism majorly causes obstructive sleep apnea, where you find difficulty in sleeping during the night because of irregular breathing.

Heart Problems

Hypothyroidism can lead to an increase in bad cholesterol levels, thus putting you at a high risk of heart problems.

Joint Pain

Excess body weight and low thyroid levels can lead to pain in your joints.

Obesity

Due to the underactive thyroid gland, your metabolism gets slowed down and you can’t burn excess calories which leads to excessive weight gain.

Mental Health Problems

An underactive thyroid can lead to loss of interest in certain activities and may cause difficulty in concentrating and other memory issues.

Erection Issues

Hypothyroidism is also has a key relation with erection problems in men. It may lead to hormonal imbalances which in turn makes it difficult for a man to have erections. Most people take Vidalista 60 oral pill to get back their erections. Vidalista 60 is an easily accessible, affordable, convenient and effective pill to treat erection related problems in men.

Apart from treating erection issues in men, other forms of Tadalafil other than Vidalista 60 are also prescribed by doctors to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia and pulmonary arterial hypertension. Although Vidalista 60 may interact with a few other drugs and diseases, its interaction with hypothyroidism and its medications is still unknown. Hence Vidalista 60 is found to be safe to be taken during hypothyroidism but only on doctor’s consultation. Not doing so will lead to an increased risk of side effects.

Never try self medication, especially if you are already dealing with some health complications, even if the drug is commonly known as Viagra or Vidalista 60.

Preeclampsia

Hypothyroidism can also lead to pregnancy-related disorders like preeclampsia. In addition, a thyroid mother makes her unborn baby deprived of essential thyroid hormones which can lead to mental health issues in the child.

Myxedema

In severe cases, hypothyroidism can be life-threatening and can lead to myxedema. It is a health complication in which a person loses consciousness or may slip into a coma. In some cases, such a severe conditions may lead to a serious drop in body temperature, which can be lethal.

How Is Hypothyroidism Treated?

Hypothyroidism remains with you lifelong. It can’t be cured completely. However, there are hypothyroidism treatments available that can help lower the symptoms and the risk of complications. But yes, it cannot be treated completely. A healthy lifestyle is key to lowering the risk of every health complication. Therefore, apart from medicinal treatment lead your life full of a healthy lifestyle.

Medications

Doctors mostly prescribe levothyroxine to slow down the progression of hypothyroidism. This is the artificial form of T4 hormone, which mimics the action of naturally produced thyroid hormone from the gland.

Apart from the medication, your doctor will suggest the following dietary changes to manage the symptoms of hypothyroidism:

  • Have a balanced diet
  • Reduce your soy intake
  • Avoid taking medicine just after taking a high fiber-rich meal
  • Avoid combining your thyroid medicine with other health supplements

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